Evaluation of Selected Innovation Policy Instruments on the Example of Poland

Anna Maria Lis, Ewa Romanowska

Abstract


Purpose. The main purpose of the paper is to analyze and evaluate the selected instruments of innovation policy in Poland: cooperative relations, business environment institutions and innovation centers, supported within Priority Axis V of OP IE 2007-2013. The evaluation was made on the basis of the four criteria: complementarity, adapting to the needs of businesses, the impact on the innovation and durability of the provided support.

Methodology. The research presented in this article was carried out in each of the three distinguished categories of entities: cooperative relations (Measure 5.1), business environment institutions (Measure 5.2) and innovation centers (Measure 5.3), exploring two perspectives: the perspective of institutions granting support for enterprises – the beneficiaries of Measure 5.1, 5.2 and 5.3 (study sample I), and the perspective of entrepreneurs that have benefited from the granted support – target groups (study sample II). The authors used a monographic method, which is based on the research and analysis of intentionally selected entities as the subject of the research sample. The basic technique of data collection were both IDI and ITI interviews.

Results. The results of the study indicate relatively high complementarity of the applied instruments. The differences were evident in terms of adapting them to the needs of entrepreneurs and their impact on innovations, taking into account also a longer period of time. The best results were achieved within Measure 5.3 (innovation centers), while the other instruments featured weaknesses that reduce the expected results of the provided support. In the case of Measure 5.1 (cooperative relations) the key attributes of a cluster (such as geographic proximity and long-lasting relations among the participants) have been omitted, inhibiting the development of cooperation and achievement of the expected synergy effects. As far as Measure 5.2 is concerned, the support effects were reduced by excessive fragmentation of the projects and too short a period of the provided support.

The theoretical contribution. The obtained results allow a better understanding of the mechanisms of innovation support and the impact of various innovation policy instruments on improving the innovative capacity of entrepreneurs.

Practical implications (if applicable). On the basis of obtained research results, it is possible to formulate recommendations for authors of programs to support innovation at the level of the EU and national economies.

Keywords: innovation policy, business environment institution, technology park, cluster initiative

Paper type: Research paper.

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