Methodological aspects of compiling Country’s competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative Enterprises Index

Evelina Meiliene, Sigita Neverauskaite, Ruta Aidis

Abstract


Competitiveness has always been an interesting field of research for those who are involved in business, government and research. The complex measurement of country’s competitiveness has become one of the most important stages in the process of strategic planning in the EU’s growth strategy “Europe 2020”, as well as presumption of the improvement of national competitiveness, stability and demand to make fit the economy of Europe for future.

The main purpose of the paper is to present conceptual model explaining cohesion within Country competitiveness and Technology intensive Innovative enterprises.

Fundamental groups of factors of country’s competitiveness of the Technology intensive Innovative enterprises aspect were identified. For evaluation of the mentioned groups weigh coefficients, was applied a method of the questionnaire - experts were interviewed. Coincidence of the experts’ opinions participating in the poll was evaluated by Kendall's concordance coefficient. Characterizing factors of Country’s competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises index were determined and rated as well. Country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises is a complex formation influenced by many factors and measurements. 60 indicators were identified: 7 indicators determine human capital factors, 7 indicators demand networking, 17 indicators of efficiency of policies, 17 indicators determine factors of innovative capacity of a country and 12 indicators determine factors of innovation level. Using quantitative and qualitative methods in calculating index of country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises creates conditions to achieve more precise evaluating results.

Calculation of Country’s competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises index is presented in this paper. The index is expressed in linear equation system. Analysis of reliability of index country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises was accomplished allowing validation of index reliability and transparency of calculations.

The following principals are determined for the evaluation model of country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises:

-     Complexity – model has to analyze competitiveness variously and while evaluating incorporate group of factors of country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises and indexes determining them.

-     Reliability – model has to be methodological and empirical, and its structure logically adjusted. Model must allow to evaluate statistical reliability of calculations.

-     Comparable – model must allow to compare country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises of the different states.

-     Simplicity – model itself and results must be understood clearly and interpreted easily.

Country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises is analyzed in systematic approach characterized as separating factors of country competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises and determining links between them and their groups.

This Index could be adapted for evaluating any country’s competitiveness through the aspect of Technology intensive Innovative enterprises, as its validity has been accomplished and confirmed through the analysis of index reliability and transparency of calculations.

 

“This research is funded by the European Social Fund under the Global Grant measure.”

 

Keywords: Country’s competitiveness, Technology intensive Innovative enterprises, Economic Growth, Entrepreneurship.

Paper type: Theoretical paper.


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