Innovativeness and competitiveness of the new European Union countries in variable economic situation between 2006 and 2013

Irena Lacka

Abstract


Purpose. The article discusses the variability of indicators of innovativeness and competitiveness of the European Union countries that joined the EU on the May 1, 2004 and January 1, 2007. Its purpose is to examine the changes in the level of innovativeness and competitiveness of the 'new' members (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary) and to compare them with the European Union between 2006 and 2013.

Methodology. During the research several methods were applied: a study of literature, analysis of indicators to measure innovativeness and competitiveness, comparative analysis.

Results. The article describes former socialist as well as capitalist countries. Their socio-economic situation and level of development at the time of joining the European Union were different. They felt the effects of the recent global crisis in different ways. Taking into account these factors the authoress decided to analyze these indicators between 2006 and 2013. Adopted scope of the analysis will enable to examine the influence of variable economic situation under conditions of the global crisis on the level of innovativeness and competitiveness of the countries surveyed.

The theoretical contribution. The article enables to enhance the knowledge about the level of innovativeness and competitiveness of the new EU memebers under conditions of variable economic situation. It also helps to determine the distance that separates them in these areas from other countries of the European Union.

Practical implications. The paper can be used by the authorities to assess the economic policy in the described countries between 2006 and 2013.

Keywords: innovativeness, competitiveness, variable economic situation, new EU countries.

Paper type: Research paper.


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