HRM practices enhancing research performance

Jolanta Jaskiene

Abstract


Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the individual factors that affect the individual performance of researchers and their influence on high research performance.

Methodology. This paper reviews the literature on individual research performance with the focus on individual characteristics. Attention is directed to specific correlates that influence high research performance and measures of research performance. To answer the research question extensive analysis of previous research studies is conducted.

Results. The results of the analysis indicate a lack in previous research analysing the research performance as a complex phenomenon, and providing structural classification of characteristics that would enabled to have comprehensive view of factors that influence research performance. This study imparts a clarification of specific set and classification of individual characteristics that influence individual research productivity. Results reflect the references of previous research studies to analyse individual characteristics in complex and structural manner and reveal a specific set of individual characteristics that influence individual research performance and introduce original classification of individual characteristics. Individual characteristics that influence research productivity were classified into three main categories: personal characteristics (divided into personal-psychological factors, personal-work habits and personal-skills), social characteristics, and demographic characteristics. Each category was suggested to contain different set of individual characteristics. Additionally, limitations of measures of individual level research performance are identified and main measures of research output are revealed with the focus on quality aspects.

The theoretical contribution. This paper contributes to the research by highlighting the influence of individual factors on research performance and providing classification of individual factors affecting researchers’ performance and research output measures. Additionally, valuable insights on quality measures of research performance are provided as comprehensive quality measures of research output are of great importance seeking high quality research performance.

Practical implications. Institutions of higher education, seeking high research performance, can use the findings to develop productive faculty members and foster high quality research. As fostering of research performance has become one of the most important challenges for institutions of higher education, administration of universities can be able (incorporating adequate institutional policies) to develop effective faculty management systems.

Keywords: Research performance, individual characteristic, researcher, institutions of higher education

Paper type: Theoretical paper.


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